The dramatic increase in man-made radio frequency (RF) fields in the environment during the last few decades has led to public health concerns in many parts of the world. Specifically, questions have been raised on the safety of exposure to RF energy emitted from radar, television and radio communication systems, microwave ovens, video display terminals, and most recently, mobile telephones and base stations, Wi-Fi, and LTE. Wearable RF gadgets are prevailing. Wireless power transmission is a newer subject, which can involve high intensity exposures.
The IEEE EMF database now has more than 6700 original, peer-reviewed papers useful for public health risk assessment of RF exposure. Even there has been 70 years of research, and WHO indicated that scientific knowledge in this area is now more extensive than for most chemicals and current evidence does not confirm the existence of any health consequences from exposure to low level electromagnetic fields, controversy on RF safety continues. Both biological and engineering complexities make the validity of many studies questionable.
In this presentation, research, standards, regulation and risk communication concerning RF safety will be addressed.
Chairman, IEEE International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety TC95
Distinguished Lecturer, IEEE
Dr. Chung-Kwang (C-K.) Chou received the B.S. degree from National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, in 1968, the M.S. degree from Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA, in 1971, and the Ph.D. degree from the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, in 1975, all in electrical engineering.
After spending a year as a National Institutes of Health Post-Doctoral Fellow with the Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, he became a faculty member with the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and the Center for Bioengineering, University of Washington, 1977 to 1985. From 1985 to 1998, he was a Research Scientist and the Director of the Department of Radiation Research with the City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA. In 1998, he joined Motorola, and became the Director of the Corporate EME Research Laboratory. He was the Chief EME Scientist with Motorola and Motorola Solutions from 2001 to 2013, where he was responsible for radio frequency (RF) product safety. He retired from Motorola Solutions at the end of 2013, and is currently an Independent Consultant on EMF safety issues.
Dr. Chou is the Chairman of Technical Committee 95 of the IEEE International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety, responsible for exposure standards from 0 to 300 GHz (2006- ), Distinguished Lecturer of IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (2016- ) and on the Advisory Panel of Non-Ionizing Radiation of the NCRP (2016- ). Dr. Chou has authored over 200 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters and received the highest honor d'Arsonval Medal from the Bioelectromagnetics Society in 2006. He was elected as IEEE Fellow in 1989, and also a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering in 1996 and the Electromagnetic Academy in 2007.